Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Quarterly Period Ended April 1, 2012

 

Commission File Number 1-4949

 

GRAPHIC

 


 

CUMMINS INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Indiana
(State of Incorporation)

 

35-0257090
(IRS Employer Identification No.)

 

500 Jackson Street
Box 3005

Columbus, Indiana 47202-3005
(Address of principal executive offices)

 

Telephone (812) 377-5000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer x

 

Accelerated filer o

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer o

 

Smaller reporting company o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o No x

 

As of April 1, 2012, there were 192,186,737 shares of common stock outstanding with a par value of $2.50 per share.

 

Website Access to Company’s Reports

 

Cummins maintains an internet website at www.cummins.com.  Investors can obtain copies of our filings from this website free of charge as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

 

 



Table of Contents

 

CUMMINS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

TABLE OF CONTENTS

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

ITEM 1.

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

3

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the three months ended April 1, 2012, and March 27, 2011

3

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three months ended April 1, 2012, and March 27, 2011

4

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at April 1, 2012, and December 31, 2011

5

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended April 1, 2012, and March 27, 2011

6

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity for the three months ended April 1, 2012, and March 27, 2011

7

 

 

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

8

 

 

 

ITEM 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

21

 

 

 

ITEM 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

40

 

 

 

ITEM 4.

Controls and Procedures

40

 

 

 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

ITEM 1.

Legal Proceedings

40

 

 

 

ITEM 1A.

Risk Factors

41

 

 

 

ITEM 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

41

 

 

 

ITEM 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

41

 

 

 

ITEM 6.

Exhibits

41

 

 

 

 

Signatures

42

 

 

 

 

Cummins Inc. Exhibit Index

43

 

2



Table of Contents

 

PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.  Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

CUMMINS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

In millions, except per share amounts 

 

April 1, 2012

 

March 27, 2011

 

NET SALES (a)

 

$

4,472

 

$

3,860

 

Cost of sales

 

3,274

 

2,903

 

GROSS MARGIN

 

1,198

 

957

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OPERATING EXPENSES AND INCOME

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

475

 

389

 

Research, development and engineering expenses

 

181

 

129

 

Equity, royalty and interest income from investees (Note 4)

 

104

 

96

 

Other operating income (expense), net

 

2

 

(6

)

OPERATING INCOME

 

648

 

529

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

8

 

6

 

Interest expense

 

8

 

10

 

Other income (expense), net

 

2

 

(3

)

INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES

 

650

 

522

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income tax expense

 

175

 

157

 

CONSOLIDATED NET INCOME

 

475

 

365

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

20

 

22

 

NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO CUMMINS INC.

 

$

455

 

$

343

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO CUMMINS INC.

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

2.39

 

$

1.75

 

Diluted

 

$

2.38

 

$

1.75

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

190.4

 

195.5

 

Dilutive effect of stock compensation awards

 

0.4

 

0.6

 

Diluted

 

190.8

 

196.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH DIVIDENDS DECLARED PER COMMON SHARE

 

$

0.40

 

$

0.2625

 

 


(a) Includes sales to nonconsolidated equity investees of $669 million and $599 million for the three months ended April 1, 2012 and March 27, 2011, respectively.

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

3



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CUMMINS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

In millions 

 

April 1, 2012

 

March 27, 2011

 

Consolidated net income

 

$

475

 

$

365

 

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

106

 

54

 

Unrealized gain (loss) on derivatives

 

19

 

 

Change in pension and other postretirement defined benefit plans

 

11

 

26

 

Other, net

 

(1

)

 

Total other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

135

 

80

 

Comprehensive income

 

610

 

445

 

Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest

 

30

 

24

 

Comprehensive income attributable to Cummins Inc.

 

$

580

 

$

421

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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CUMMINS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

 

In millions, except par value 

 

April 1, 2012

 

December 31, 2011

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

1,317

 

$

1,484

 

Marketable securities (Note 5)

 

252

 

277

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities

 

1,569

 

1,761

 

Accounts and notes receivable, net

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other

 

2,388

 

2,252

 

Nonconsolidated equity investees

 

296

 

274

 

Inventories (Note 7)

 

2,382

 

2,141

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

682

 

663

 

Total current assets

 

7,317

 

7,091

 

Long-term assets

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

5,416

 

5,245

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

(3,025

)

(2,957

)

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

2,391

 

2,288

 

Investments and advances related to equity method investees

 

903

 

838

 

Goodwill

 

342

 

339

 

Other intangible assets, net

 

250

 

227

 

Other assets

 

916

 

885

 

Total assets

 

$

12,119

 

$

11,668

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Loans payable

 

$

33

 

$

28

 

Accounts payable (principally trade)

 

1,731

 

1,546

 

Current portion of accrued product warranty (Note 8)

 

418

 

422

 

Accrued compensation, benefits and retirement costs

 

289

 

511

 

Deferred revenue

 

211

 

208

 

Taxes payable (including taxes on income)

 

297

 

282

 

Other accrued expenses

 

651

 

660

 

Total current liabilities

 

3,630

 

3,657

 

Long-term liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt (Note 9)

 

650

 

658

 

Pensions

 

157

 

205

 

Postretirement benefits other than pensions

 

428

 

432

 

Other liabilities and deferred revenue

 

896

 

885

 

Total liabilities

 

5,761

 

5,837

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

Cummins Inc. shareholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $2.50 par value, 500 shares authorized, 222.4 and 222.2 shares issued

 

2,017

 

2,001

 

Retained earnings

 

6,416

 

6,038

 

Treasury stock, at cost, 30.2 and 30.2 shares

 

(1,590

)

(1,587

)

Common stock held by employee benefits trust, at cost, 1.7 and 1.8 shares

 

(20

)

(22

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

 

Defined benefit postretirement plans

 

(713

)

(724

)

Other

 

(100

)

(214

)

Total accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(813

)

(938

)

Total Cummins Inc. shareholders’ equity

 

6,010

 

5,492

 

Noncontrolling interests

 

348

 

339

 

Total equity

 

6,358

 

5,831

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

$

12,119

 

$

11,668

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Table of Contents

 

CUMMINS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

In millions 

 

April 1, 2012

 

March 27, 2011

 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated net income

 

$

475

 

$

365

 

Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net income to net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

85

 

79

 

Deferred income taxes

 

(27

)

21

 

Equity in income of investees, net of dividends

 

(59

)

(62

)

Pension contributions in excess of expense (Note 3)

 

(27

)

(24

)

Other post-retirement benefits payments in excess of expense (Note 3)

 

(4

)

(5

)

Stock-based compensation expense

 

7

 

5

 

Excess tax benefits on stock-based awards

 

(11

)

(2

)

Translation and hedging activities

 

10

 

4

 

Changes in current assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts and notes receivable

 

(135

)

(306

)

Inventories

 

(209

)

(210

)

Other current assets

 

(28

)

(2

)

Accounts payable

 

148

 

251

 

Accrued expenses

 

(196

)

(28

)

Changes in other liabilities and deferred revenue

 

29

 

24

 

Other, net

 

(37

)

(22

)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

21

 

88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

 

(126

)

(91

)

Investments in internal use software

 

(16

)

(10

)

Investments in and advances to equity investees

 

(5

)

(21

)

Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired

 

(5

)

 

Investments in marketable securities—acquisitions (Note 5)

 

(146

)

(101

)

Investments in marketable securities—liquidations (Note 5)

 

184

 

134

 

Cash flows from derivatives not designated as hedges

 

11

 

4

 

Other, net

 

1

 

7

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(102

)

(78

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from borrowings

 

12

 

38

 

Payments on borrowings and capital lease obligations

 

(38

)

(45

)

Net borrowings (payments) under short-term credit agreements

 

 

1

 

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

 

(22

)

(21

)

Dividend payments on common stock

 

(77

)

(51

)

Repurchases of common stock

 

(8

)

(190

)

Excess tax benefits on stock-based awards

 

11

 

2

 

Other, net

 

9

 

4

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(113

)

(262

)

EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

 

27

 

8

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

(167

)

(244

)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

 

1,484

 

1,023

 

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD

 

$

1,317

 

$

779

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

6



Table of Contents

 

CUMMINS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

Common

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

Other

 

 

 

Stock

 

Cummins Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common

 

paid-in

 

Retained

 

Comprehensive

 

Treasury

 

Held in

 

Shareholders’

 

Noncontrolling

 

Total

 

In millions 

 

Stock

 

Capital

 

Earnings

 

Loss

 

Stock

 

Trust

 

Equity

 

Interests

 

Equity

 

BALANCE AT DECEMBER 31, 2010

 

$

554

 

$

1,380

 

$

4,445

 

$

(720

)

$

(964

)

$

(25

)

$

4,670

 

$

326

 

$

4,996

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

343

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

343

 

22

 

365

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

78

 

 

 

 

 

78

 

2

 

80

 

Issuance of shares

 

1

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

4

 

Employee benefits trust activity

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

12

 

 

12

 

Acquisition of shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(190

)

 

 

(190

)

 

(190

)

Cash dividends on common stock

 

 

 

 

 

(51

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(51

)

 

(51

)

Distribution to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(21

)

(21

)

Stock option exercises

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

Other shareholder transactions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

3

 

BALANCE AT MARCH 27, 2011

 

$

555

 

$

1,394

 

$

4,737

 

$

(642

)

$

(1,153

)

$

(24

)

$

4,867

 

$

332

 

$

5,199

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BALANCE AT DECEMBER 31, 2011

 

$

555

 

$

1,446

 

$

6,038

 

$

(938

)

$

(1,587

)

$

(22

)

$

5,492

 

$

339

 

$

5,831

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

455

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

455

 

20

 

475

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

125

 

 

 

 

 

125

 

10

 

135

 

Issuance of shares

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

Employee benefits trust activity

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

14

 

 

14

 

Acquisition of shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(8

)

 

 

(8

)

 

(8

)

Cash dividends on common stock

 

 

 

 

 

(77

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(77

)

 

(77

)

Distribution to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(35

)

(35

)

Stock option exercises

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

5

 

 

5

 

Other shareholder transactions

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

14

 

17

 

BALANCE AT APRIL 1, 2012

 

$

556

 

$

1,461

 

$

6,416

 

$

(813

)(1)

$

(1,590

)

$

(20

)

$

6,010

 

$

348

 

$

6,358

 

 


(1)Comprised of defined benefit postretirement plans of $(713) million, foreign currency translation adjustments of $(102) million, unrealized gain on marketable securities of $3 million and unrealized gain on derivatives of $(1) million.

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Table of Contents

 

CUMMINS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1NATURE OF OPERATIONS

 

Cummins Inc. (“Cummins,” “we,” “our” or “us”) is a leading global power provider that designs, manufactures, distributes and services diesel and natural gas engines, engine-related component products, including emission solutions, filtration, fuel systems and air handling systems, and power generation products, including electric power generation systems and related products.  We were founded in 1919 as one of the first manufacturers of diesel engines and are headquartered in the United States (U.S.) in Columbus, Indiana.  We sell our products to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), distributors and other customers worldwide.  We serve our customers through a network of more than 600 company-owned and independent distributor locations and approximately 6,500 dealer locations in more than 190 countries and territories.

 

NOTE 2.  BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

The unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements reflect all adjustments which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair statement of the results of operations, financial position and cash flows.  All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature.  The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) for interim financial information.  Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted as permitted by such rules and regulations.  Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period amounts to conform to the presentation of the current period condensed financial statements.

 

Our reporting period usually ends on the Sunday closest to the last day of the quarterly calendar period.  The first quarters of 2012 and 2011 ended on April 1, and March 27, respectively.  The interim period for 2012 contained 13 weeks while the interim period for 2011 contained 12 weeks.  Our fiscal year ends on December 31, regardless of the day of the week on which December 31 falls.

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.  Significant estimates and assumptions in these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements require the exercise of judgment and are used for, but not limited to, allowance for doubtful accounts, estimates of future cash flows and other assumptions associated with goodwill and long-lived asset impairment tests, useful lives for depreciation and amortization, warranty programs, determination of discount and other rate assumptions for pension and other postretirement benefit expenses, income taxes and deferred tax valuation allowances, lease classifications and contingencies.  Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making estimates, actual results reported in future periods may be different from these estimates.

 

In preparing our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, we evaluated subsequent events through the date our quarterly report was filed with the SEC.

 

The weighted-average diluted common shares outstanding exclude the anti-dilutive effect of certain stock options since such options had an exercise price in excess of the monthly average market value of our common stock.  The options excluded from diluted earnings per share for the three month periods ended April 1, 2012, and March 27, 2011, were as follows:

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

 

April 1, 2012

 

March 27, 2011

 

Options excluded

 

143,300

 

3,750

 

 

You should read these interim condensed financial statements in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.  Our interim period financial results for the three month interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for any other interim period or for the entire year.  The year-end Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP.

 

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NOTE 3. PENSION AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS

 

We sponsor funded and unfunded domestic and foreign defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans.  Contributions to these plans were as follows:

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

In millions

 

April 1, 2012

 

March 27, 2011

 

Defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans

 

 

 

 

 

Voluntary pension

 

$

38

 

$

35

 

Mandatory pension

 

5

 

6

 

Defined benefit pension contributions

 

43

 

41

 

Other postretirement plans

 

9

 

9

 

Total defined benefit plans

 

$

52

 

$

50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Defined contribution pension plans

 

$

27

 

$

24

 

 

We made $43 million of pension contributions in the three month period ended April 1, 2012, and we anticipate making an additional $87 million of contributions during the remainder of 2012. We paid $9 million of claims and premiums for other postretirement benefits in the three month period ended April 1, 2012; payments for the remainder of 2012 are expected to be $42 million. The $130 million of contributions for the full year include voluntary contributions of approximately $109 million.  These contributions and payments may be made from trusts or company funds either to increase pension assets or to make direct benefit payments to plan participants.

 

The components of net periodic pension and other postretirement benefit cost under our plans consisted of the following:

 

 

 

Pension

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Plans

 

Non-U.S. Plans

 

Other Postretirement Benefits

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

 

April 1,

 

March 27,

 

April 1,

 

March 27,

 

April 1,

 

March 27,

 

In millions

 

2012

 

2011

 

2012

 

2011

 

2012

 

2011

 

Service cost

 

$

14

 

$

13

 

$

6

 

$

5

 

$

 

$

 

Interest cost

 

26

 

27

 

14

 

15

 

5

 

6

 

Expected return on plan assets

 

(39

)

(38

)

(20

)

(18

)

 

 

Amortization of prior service credit

 

 

 

 

 

(1

)

(2

)

Recognized net actuarial loss

 

12

 

10

 

3

 

3

 

1

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost

 

$

13

 

$

12

 

$

3

 

$

5

 

$

5

 

$

4

 

 

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NOTE 4.  EQUITY, ROYALTY AND INTEREST INCOME FROM INVESTEES

 

Equity, royalty and interest income from investees included in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the interim reporting periods was as follows:

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

In millions

 

April 1, 2012

 

March 27, 2011

 

Distribution Entities

 

 

 

 

 

North American distributors

 

$

40

 

$

30

 

Komatsu Cummins Chile, Ltda.

 

5

 

4

 

All other distributors

 

1

 

1

 

Manufacturing Entities

 

 

 

 

 

Chongqing Cummins Engine Company, Ltd.

 

18

 

12

 

Dongfeng Cummins Engine Company, Ltd.

 

16

 

23

 

Cummins Westport, Inc.

 

5

 

1

 

Tata Cummins, Ltd.

 

4

 

4

 

Shanghai Fleetguard Filter Co., Ltd.

 

3

 

4

 

Valvoline Cummins, Ltd.

 

2

 

2

 

Komatsu manufacturing alliances

 

(1

)

2

 

Beijing Foton Cummins Engine Co., Ltd.

 

(2

)

(2

)

All other manufacturers

 

1

 

6

 

Cummins share of net income

 

92

 

87

 

Royalty and interest income

 

12

 

9

 

Equity, royalty and interest income from investees

 

$

104

 

$

96

 

 

NOTE 5.  MARKETABLE SECURITIES

 

A summary of marketable securities, all of which are classified as current, was as follows:

 

 

 

April 1, 2012

 

December 31, 2011

 

 

 

 

 

Gross unrealized

 

Estimated

 

 

 

Gross unrealized

 

Estimated

 

In millions

 

Cost

 

gains/(losses)

 

fair value

 

Cost

 

gains/(losses)

 

fair value

 

Available-for-sale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Debt mutual funds

 

$

115

 

$

2

 

$

117

 

$

115

 

$

2

 

$

117

 

Bank debentures

 

64

 

 

64

 

82

 

 

82

 

Certificates of deposit

 

58

 

 

58

 

66

 

 

66

 

Government debt securities-non-U.S.

 

3

 

 

3

 

3

 

 

3

 

Corporate debt securities

 

2

 

 

2

 

2

 

 

2

 

Equity securities and other

 

 

8

 

8

 

 

7

 

7

 

Total marketable securities

 

$

242

 

$

10

 

$

252

 

$

268

 

$

9

 

$

277

 

 

At April 1, 2012, the fair value of available-for-sale investments in debt securities by contractual maturity was as follows:

 

Maturity date

 

 

 

In millions

 

Fair value

 

1 year or less

 

$

28

 

1-5 years

 

39

 

5-10 years

 

1

 

After 10 years

 

1

 

Total

 

$

69

 

 

NOTE 6.  FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

 

The majority of the assets and liabilities we carry at fair value are available-for-sale (AFS) securities and derivatives.  AFS securities are derived from level 1 or level 2 inputs.  Derivative assets and liabilities are derived from level 2 inputs.  The predominance of market inputs are actively quoted and can be validated through external sources, including brokers, market transactions and third-party pricing services.  When material, we adjust the values of our derivative contracts for counter-party or our credit risk.  There were no transfers into or out of Levels 2 or 3 in the first three months of 2012.

 

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Table of Contents

 

The following table summarizes our financial instruments recorded at fair value in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at April 1, 2012:

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements Using

 

 

 

Quoted prices in active
markets for identical
assets

 

Significant other
observable inputs

 

Significant
unobservable inputs

 

 

 

In millions

 

(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

(Level 3)

 

Total

 

Available-for-sale debt securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Debt mutual funds

 

$

40

 

$

77

 

$

 

$

117

 

Bank debentures

 

 

64

 

 

64

 

Certificates of deposit

 

 

58

 

 

58

 

Government debt securities-non-U.S.

 

 

3

 

 

3

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

2

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Available-for-sale equity securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial services industry

 

8

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commodity swap contracts

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

Foreign currency forward contracts

 

 

2

 

 

2

 

Interest rate contracts

 

 

70

 

 

70

 

Total assets

 

$

48

 

$

277

 

$

 

$

325

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency forward contracts

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

Total liabilities

 

$

 

$

1

 

$

 

$

1

 

 

The following table summarizes our financial instruments recorded at fair value in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2011:

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements Using

 

 

 

Quoted prices in active
markets for identical
assets

 

Significant other
observable inputs

 

Significant
unobservable inputs

 

 

 

In millions

 

(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

(Level 3)

 

Total

 

Available-for-sale debt securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Debt mutual funds

 

$

53

 

$

64

 

$

 

$

117

 

Bank debentures

 

 

82

 

 

82

 

Certificates of deposit

 

 

66

 

 

66

 

Government debt securities-non-U.S.

 

 

3

 

 

3

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

2

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Available-for-sale equity securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial services industry

 

7

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest rate contracts

 

 

82

 

 

82

 

Total assets

 

$

60

 

$

299

 

$

 

$

359

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commodity swap contracts

 

 

22

 

 

22

 

Foreign currency forward contracts

 

 

8

 

 

8

 

Total liabilities

 

$

 

$

30

 

$

 

$

30

 

 

The substantial majority of our assets were valued utilizing a market approach.  A description of the valuation techniques and inputs used for our level 2 fair value measures are as follows:

 

Debt mutual funds — Assets in level 2 consist of exchange traded mutual funds that lack sufficient trading volume to be classified at level 1.  The fair value measure for these investments is the daily net asset value published on a regulated governmental website.  Daily quoted prices are available from the issuing brokerage and are used on a test basis to corroborate this level 2 input.

 

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Bank debentures and Certificates of deposit — These investments provide us with a fixed rate of return and generally range in maturity from six months to three years.  The counter-parties to these investments are reputable financial institutions with investment grade credit ratings.  Since these instruments are not tradable and must be settled directly by Cummins with the respective financial institution, our fair value measure is the financial institutions’ month-end statement.

 

Government debt securities-non-U.S. and Corporate debt securities — The fair value measure for these securities are broker quotes received from reputable firms.  These securities are infrequently traded on a national stock exchange and these values are used on a test basis to corroborate our level 2 input measure.

 

Foreign currency forward contracts — The fair value measure for these contracts are determined based on forward foreign exchange rates received from third-party pricing services.  These rates are based upon market transactions and are periodically corroborated by comparing to third-party broker quotes.

 

Commodity swap contracts — The fair value measure for these contracts are current spot market data adjusted for the appropriate current forward curves provided by external financial institutions.  The current spot price is the most significant component of this valuation and is based upon market transactions.  We use third-party pricing services for the spot price component of this valuation which is periodically corroborated by market data from broker quotes.

 

Interest rate contracts — We currently have only one interest rate contract.  We utilize the month-end statement from the issuing financial institution as our fair value measure for this investment.  We corroborate this valuation through the use of a third-party pricing service for similar assets and liabilities.

 

Fair Value of Other Financial Instruments

 

Based on borrowing rates currently available to us for bank loans with similar terms and average maturities, considering our risk premium, the fair value and carrying value of total debt, including current maturities, at April 1, 2012 and December 31, 2011, are set forth in the table below.  The carrying values of all other receivables and liabilities approximated fair values (derived from Level 2 inputs).

 

 

 

April 1,

 

December 31,

 

In millions

 

2012

 

2011

 

Fair value of total debt

 

$

901

 

$

901

 

Carrying value of total debt

 

778

 

783

 

 

NOTE 7.  INVENTORIES

 

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market.  Inventories included the following:

 

 

 

April 1,

 

December 31,

 

In millions

 

2012

 

2011

 

Finished products

 

$

1,348

 

$

1,220

 

Work-in-process and raw materials

 

1,146

 

1,019

 

Inventories at FIFO cost

 

2,494

 

2,239

 

Excess of FIFO over LIFO

 

(112

)

(98

)

Total inventories

 

$

2,382

 

$

2,141

 

 

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NOTE 8.  PRODUCT WARRANTY LIABILITY

 

We charge the estimated costs of warranty programs, other than product recalls, to income at the time products are shipped to customers.  We use historical claims experience to develop the estimated liability.  We review product recall programs on a quarterly basis and, if necessary, record a liability when we commit to an action, or when they become probable and estimable, which is reflected in the provision for warranties issued line.  We also sell extended warranty coverage on several engines.  The following is a tabular reconciliation of the product warranty liability, including the deferred revenue related to our extended warranty coverage and accrued recall programs:

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

In millions 

 

April 1, 2012

 

March 27, 2011

 

Balance, beginning of year

 

$

1,014

 

$

980

 

Provision for warranties issued

 

116

 

109

 

Deferred revenue on extended warranty contracts sold

 

46

 

22

 

Payments

 

(103

)

(84

)

Amortization of deferred revenue on extended warranty contracts

 

(26

)

(23

)

Changes in estimates for pre-existing warranties

 

(14

)

3

 

Foreign currency translation

 

4

 

3

 

Balance, end of period

 

$

1,037

 

$

1,010

 

 

Warranty related deferred revenue, supplier recovery receivables and the long-term portion of the warranty liability on our April 1, 2012, balance sheet were as follows:

 

In millions

 

April 1, 2012

 

Balance Sheet Location

 

Deferred revenue related to extended coverage programs

 

 

 

 

 

Current portion

 

$

105

 

Deferred revenue

 

Long-term portion

 

228

 

Other liabilities and deferred revenue

 

Total

 

$

333

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Receivables related to estimated supplier recoveries

 

 

 

 

 

Current portion

 

$

7

 

Trade and other receivables

 

Long-term portion

 

7

 

Other assets

 

Total

 

$

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term portion of warranty liability

 

$

286

 

Other liabilities and deferred revenue

 

 

NOTE 9.  DEBT

 

A summary of long-term debt was as follows:

 

 

 

April 1,

 

December 31,

 

In millions

 

2012

 

2011

 

Long-term debt

 

 

 

 

 

Export financing loan, 4.5%, due 2012

 

$

20

 

$

31

 

Export financing loan, 4.5%, due 2013

 

50

 

44

 

Debentures, 6.75%, due 2027

 

58

 

58

 

Debentures, 7.125%, due 2028

 

250

 

250

 

Debentures, 5.65%, due 2098 (effective interest rate 7.48%)

 

165

 

165

 

Other

 

95

 

90

 

 

 

638

 

638

 

Unamortized discount

 

(35

)

(36

)

Fair value adjustments due to hedge on indebtedness

 

70

 

82

 

Capital leases

 

72

 

71

 

Total long-term debt

 

745

 

755

 

Less: current maturities of long-term debt

 

(95

)

(97

)

Long-term debt

 

$

650

 

$

658

 

 

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Principal payments required on long-term debt during the next five years are:

 

 

 

Required Principal Payments

 

In millions

 

2012

 

2013

 

2014

 

2015

 

2016

 

Payment

 

$

88

 

$

62

 

$

27

 

$

17

 

$

16

 

 

NOTE 10.  DERIVATIVES

 

We are exposed to financial risk resulting from volatility in foreign exchange rates, commodity prices and interest rates.  This risk is closely monitored and managed through the use of financial derivative instruments including foreign currency forward contracts, commodity swap contracts and interest rate swaps.  As stated in our policies and procedures, financial derivatives are used expressly for hedging purposes, and under no circumstances are they used for speculative purposes.  When material, we adjust the value of our derivative contracts for counter-party or our credit risk.

 

Foreign Exchange Rates

 

As a result of our international business presence, we are exposed to foreign currency exchange risks.  We transact business in foreign currencies and, as a result, our income experiences some volatility related to movements in foreign currency exchange rates.  To help manage our exposure to exchange rate volatility, we use foreign exchange forward contracts on a regular basis to hedge forecasted intercompany and third-party sales and purchases denominated in non-functional currencies.  Our internal policy allows for managing anticipated foreign currency cash flows for up to one year.  These foreign currency forward contracts are designated and qualify as foreign currency cash flow hedges under GAAP.  The effective portion of the unrealized gain or loss on the forward contract is deferred and reported as a component of “Accumulated other comprehensive loss” (AOCL).  When the hedged forecasted transaction (sale or purchase) occurs, the unrealized gain or loss is reclassified into income in the same line item associated with the hedged transaction in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects income.  The ineffective portion of the hedge, unrealized gain or loss, if any, is recognized in current income during the period of change.  As of April 1, 2012, the amount we expect to reclassify from AOCL to income over the next year is an unrealized net loss of $1 million.  For the three month periods ended April 1, 2012 and March 27, 2011, there were no circumstances that would have resulted in the discontinuance of a foreign currency cash flow hedge.

 

To minimize the income volatility resulting from the remeasurement of net monetary assets and payables denominated in a currency other than the functional currency, we enter into foreign currency forward contracts, which are considered economic hedges.  The objective is to offset the gain or loss from remeasurement with the gain or loss from the fair market valuation of the forward contract.  These derivative instruments are not designated as hedges under GAAP.

 

The table below summarizes our outstanding foreign currency forward contracts.  Only the U.S. dollar forward contracts are designated and qualify for hedge accounting as of each period presented below.  The currencies in this table represent 96 percent and 98 percent of the notional amounts of contracts outstanding as of April 1, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

 

 

 

Notional amount in millions

 

 

 

April 1,

 

December 31,

 

Currency denomination

 

2012

 

2011

 

United States Dollar (USD)

 

177

 

181

 

British Pound Sterling (GBP)

 

305

 

347

 

Euro (EUR)

 

14

 

47

 

Singapore Dollar (SGD)

 

11

 

20

 

Indian Rupee (INR)

 

1,595

 

1,701

 

Japanese Yen (JPY)

 

2,193

 

3,348

 

Canadian Dollar (CAD)

 

34

 

39

 

South Korea Won (KRW)

 

35,387

 

36,833

 

Chinese Renmimbi (CNY)

 

89

 

61

 

 

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Table of Contents

 

Commodity Price Risk

 

We are exposed to fluctuations in commodity prices due to contractual agreements with component suppliers.  In order to protect ourselves against future price volatility and, consequently, fluctuations in gross margins, we periodically enter into commodity swap contracts with designated banks to fix the cost of certain raw material purchases with the objective of minimizing changes in inventory cost due to market price fluctuations.  Certain commodity swap contracts are derivative contracts that are designated as cash flow hedges under GAAP.  We also have commodity swap contracts that represent an economic hedge, however do not qualify for hedge accounting and are marked to market through earnings.  For those contracts that qualify for hedge accounting, the effective portion of the unrealized gain or loss is deferred and reported as a component of AOCL.  When the hedged forecasted transaction (purchase) occurs, the unrealized gain or loss is reclassified into income in the same line item associated with the hedged transaction in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects income.  The ineffective portion of the hedge, if any, is recognized in current income in the period in which the ineffectiveness occurs.  As of April 1, 2012, we expect to reclassify an unrealized net loss of $1 million from AOCL to income over the next year.  Our internal policy allows for managing these cash flow hedges for up to three years.

 

The following table summarizes our outstanding commodity swap contracts that were entered into to hedge the cost of certain raw material purchases:

 

Dollars in millions

 

April 1, 2012

 

December 31, 2011

 

Commodity

 

Notional Amount

 

Quantity

 

Notional Amount

 

Quantity

 

Copper

 

$

44

 

5,265 metric tons (1)

 

$

78

 

9,220 metric tons (1)

 

Platinum

 

72

 

44,054 troy ounces (2)

 

84

 

50,750 troy ounces (2)

 

Palladium

 

7

 

10,894 troy ounces (2)

 

5

 

7,141 troy ounces (2)

 

 


(1)A metric ton is a measurement of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms.

(2)A troy ounce is a measurement of mass equal to approximately 31 grams.

 

Interest Rate Risk

 

We are exposed to market risk from fluctuations in interest rates.  We manage our exposure to interest rate fluctuations through the use of interest rate swaps.  The objective of the swaps is to more effectively balance our borrowing costs and interest rate risk.

 

In November 2005, we entered into an interest rate swap to effectively convert our $250 million debt issue, due in 2028, from a fixed rate of 7.125 percent to a floating rate based on a LIBOR spread. The terms of the swap mirror those of the debt, with interest paid semi-annually. This swap qualifies as a fair value hedge under GAAP. The gain or loss on this derivative instrument as well as the offsetting gain or loss on the hedged item attributable to the hedged risk are recognized in current income as “Interest expense.” The following table summarizes these gains and losses for the three month interim reporting periods presented below:

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

In millions

 

April 1, 2012

 

March 27, 2011

 

Income Statement
Classification

 

Gain/(Loss) on
Swaps

 

Gain/(Loss) on
Borrowings

 

Gain/(Loss) on
Swaps

 

Gain/(Loss) on
Borrowings

 

Interest expense

 

$

 (12

)

$

 12

 

$

 (8

)

$

 8

 

 

Cash Flow Hedging

 

The following table summarizes the effect on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for derivative instruments classified as cash flow hedges for the three month interim reporting periods presented below.  The table does not include amounts related to ineffectiveness as it was not material for the periods presented.

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

 

Location of Gain/(Loss)

 

Amount of Gain/(Loss)
Recognized in

AOCL on Derivative
(Effective Portion)

 

Amount of Gain/(Loss)
Reclassified from

AOCL into Income
(Effective Portion)

 

In millions

 

Reclassified into Income

 

April 1,

 

March 27,

 

April 1,

 

March 27,

 

Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships

 

(Effective Portion)

 

2012

 

2011

 

2012

 

2011

 

Foreign currency forward contracts

 

Net sales

 

$

8

 

$

4

 

$

(2

)

$

1

 

Commodity swap contracts

 

Cost of sales

 

13

 

2

 

(3

)

6

 

Total

 

 

 

$

21

 

$

6

 

$

(5

)

$

7

 

 

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Table of Contents

 

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments

 

The following table summarizes the effect on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for derivative instruments that are not classified as hedges for the three month interim reporting periods presented below.

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

In millions

 

Location of Gain/(Loss)

 

Amount of Gain/(Loss) Recognized in
Income on Derivatives

 

Derivatives Not Designated as

 

Recognized in Income

 

April 1,

 

March 27,

 

Hedging Instruments

 

on Derivatives

 

2012

 

2011

 

Foreign currency forward contracts

 

Cost of sales

 

$

(3

)

$

(4

)

Foreign currency forward contracts

 

Other income (expense), net

 

14

 

5

 

Commodity swap contract

 

Cost of sales

 

(2

)

 

 

Fair Value Amount and Location of Derivative Instruments

 

The following tables summarize the location and fair value of derivative instruments on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:

 

 

 

Derivative Assets

 

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

 

April 1,

 

December 31,

 

 

 

In millions

 

2012

 

2011

 

Balance Sheet Location

 

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency forward contracts

 

$

2

 

$

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

Commodity swap contracts

 

1

 

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

Interest rate contract

 

70

 

82

 

Other assets

 

Total derivative assets

 

$

73

 

$

82

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative Liabilities

 

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

 

 

 

April 1,

 

December 31,

 

 

 

In millions

 

2012

 

2011

 

Balance Sheet Location

 

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency forward contracts

 

$

 

$

7

 

Other accrued expenses

 

Commodity swap contracts

 

 

16

 

Other accrued expenses

 

Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments

 

 

23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency forward contracts

 

1

 

1

 

Other accrued expenses

 

Commodity swap contracts

 

 

6

 

Other accrued expenses

 

Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments

 

1

 

7

 

 

 

Total derivative liabilities

 

$

1

 

$

30

 

 

 

 

NOTE 11.  COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

We are subject to numerous lawsuits and claims arising out of the ordinary course of our business, including actions related to product liability; personal injury; the use and performance of our products; warranty matters; patent, trademark or other intellectual property infringement; contractual liability; the conduct of our business; tax reporting in foreign jurisdictions; distributor termination; workplace safety; and environmental matters. We also have been identified as a potentially responsible party at multiple waste disposal sites under U.S. federal and related state environmental statutes and regulations and may have joint and several liability for any investigation and remediation costs incurred with respect to such sites.  We have denied liability with respect to many of these lawsuits, claims and proceedings and are vigorously defending such lawsuits, claims and proceedings.  We carry various forms of commercial, property and casualty, product liability and other forms of insurance; however, such insurance may not be applicable or adequate to cover the costs associated with a judgment against us with respect to these lawsuits, claims and proceedings.  We do not believe that these lawsuits are material individually or in the aggregate.  While we believe we have also established adequate accruals for our expected future liability with respect to pending lawsuits, claims and proceedings, where the nature and extent of any such liability can be reasonably estimated based upon then presently available information, there can be no assurance that the final resolution of any existing or future lawsuits, claims or proceedings will not have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.

 

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We conduct significant business operations in Brazil that are subject to the Brazilian federal, state and local labor, social security, tax and customs laws.  While we believe we comply with such laws, they are complex, subject to varying interpretations and we are often engaged in litigation regarding the application of these laws to particular circumstances.

 

U.S. Distributor Commitments

 

Our distribution agreements with independent and partially-owned distributors generally have a three-year term and are restricted to specified territories.  Our distributors develop and maintain a network of dealers with which we have no direct relationship.  Our distributors are permitted to sell other, noncompetitive products only with our consent.  We license all of our distributors to use our name and logo in connection with the sale and service of our products, with no right to assign or sublicense the trademarks, except to authorized dealers, without our consent.  Products are sold to the distributors at standard domestic or international distributor net prices, as applicable.  Net prices are wholesale prices we establish to permit our distributors an adequate margin on their sales.  Subject to local laws, we can generally refuse to renew these agreements upon expiration or terminate them upon written notice for inadequate sales, change in principal ownership and certain other reasons.  Distributors also have the right to terminate the agreements upon 60-day notice without cause, or 30-day notice for cause.  Upon termination or failure to renew, we are required to purchase the distributor’s current inventory, signage and special tools, and may, at our option purchase other assets of the distributor, but are under no obligation to do so.

 

Other Guarantees and Commitments

 

In addition to the matters discussed above, from time to time we periodically enter into other guarantee arrangements, including guarantees of non-U.S. distributor financing, residual value guarantees on equipment leased under operating leases and other miscellaneous guarantees of third-party obligations.  As of April 1, 2012, the maximum potential loss related to these other guarantees is summarized as follows (where the guarantee is in a foreign currency the amount below represents the amount in U.S. dollars at current exchange rates):

 

In millions

 

 

 

Beijing Foton Cummins Engine Company debt guarantee

 

$

18

 

Cummins Olayan Energy Limited debt guarantee

 

17

 

Residual value guarantees

 

2

 

Other debt guarantees

 

11

 

Maximum potential loss

 

$

48

 

 

The amount of liability related to Beijing Foton Cummins Energy Company and Cummins Olayan Energy Limited were each less than $1 million.

 

We have arrangements with certain suppliers that require us to purchase minimum volumes or be subject to monetary penalties.  The penalty amounts are less than our purchase commitments and essentially allow the supplier to recover their tooling costs in most instances.  As of April 1, 2012, if we were to stop purchasing from each of these suppliers, the aggregate amount of the penalty would be approximately $33 million, of which $32 million relates to a contract with an engine parts supplier that extends to 2013.  We do not currently anticipate paying any penalties under these contracts.  In addition, we also have a “take or pay” contract with an emission solutions business supplier requiring us to purchase approximately $73 million annually from 2012 to 2018.  These arrangements enable us to secure critical components.

 

We have guarantees with certain customers that require us to satisfactorily honor contractual or regulatory obligations, or compensate for monetary losses related to nonperformance.  These performance bonds and other performance-related guarantees were $78 million at April 1, 2012.

 

Indemnifications

 

Periodically, we enter into various contractual arrangements where we agree to indemnify a third-party against certain types of losses.  Common types of indemnifications include:

 

·                  product liability and license, patent or trademark indemnifications,

 

·                  asset sale agreements where we agree to indemnify the purchaser against future environmental exposures related to the asset sold and

 

·                  any contractual agreement where we agree to indemnify the counter-party for losses suffered as a result of a misrepresentation in the contract.

 

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We regularly evaluate the probability of having to incur costs associated with these indemnifications and accrue for expected losses that are probable.  Because the indemnifications are not related to specified known liabilities and due to their uncertain nature, we are unable to estimate the maximum amount of the potential loss associated with these indemnifications.

 

Joint Venture Commitments

 

As of April 1, 2012, we have committed to invest an additional $67 million into existing joint ventures of which $56 million is expected to be funded in 2012.

 

NOTE 12.  OPERATING SEGMENTS

 

Operating segments under GAAP are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision-maker, or decision-making group, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.  Cummins chief operating decision-maker (CODM) is the Chief Executive Officer.

 

Our reportable operating segments consist of the following: Engine, Components, Power Generation and Distribution.  This reporting structure is organized according to the products and markets each segment serves and allows management to focus its efforts on providing enhanced service to a wide range of customers.  The Engine segment produces engines and parts for sale to customers in on-highway and various industrial markets.  Our engines are used in trucks of all sizes, buses and recreational vehicles, as well as in various industrial applications, including construction, mining, agriculture, marine, oil and gas, rail and military equipment.  The Components segment sells filtration products, exhaust aftertreatment systems, turbochargers and fuel systems.  The Power Generation segment is an integrated provider of power systems.  The segment sells engines, generator sets, alternators, power systems and services.  The Distribution segment includes wholly-owned and partially-owned distributorships engaged in wholesaling engines, generator sets and service parts, as well as performing service and repair activities on our products and maintaining relationships with various OEMs throughout the world.

 

We use segment EBIT (defined as earnings before interest expense, taxes and noncontrolling interests) as a primary basis for the CODM to evaluate the performance of each of our operating segments.  Segment amounts exclude certain expenses not specifically identifiable to segments.

 

The accounting policies of our operating segments are the same as those applied in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.  We prepared the financial results of our operating segments on a basis that is consistent with the manner in which we internally disaggregate financial information to assist in making internal operating decisions.  We have allocated certain common costs and expenses, primarily corporate functions, among segments differently than we would for stand-alone financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP.  These include certain costs and expenses of shared services, such as information technology, human resources, legal and finance.  We also do not allocate debt-related items, actuarial gains or losses, prior services costs or credits, changes in cash surrender value of corporate owned life insurance or income taxes to individual segments.  Segment EBIT may not be consistent with measures used by other companies.

 

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Summarized financial information regarding our reportable operating segments for the three month periods is shown in the table below:

 

In millions

 

Engine

 

Components

 

Power
Generation

 

Distribution

 

Non-segment
Items(1)

 

Total

 

Three months ended April 1, 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

External sales

 

$

2,412

 

$

774

 

$

516

 

$

770

 

$

 

$

4,472

 

Intersegment sales

 

447

 

325

 

264

 

5

 

(1,041

)

 

Total sales

 

2,859

 

1,099

 

780

 

775

 

(1,041

)

4,472

 

Depreciation and amortization(2)

 

47

 

19

 

11

 

7

 

 

84

 

Research, development and engineering expenses

 

111

 

51

 

18

 

1

 

 

181

 

Equity, royalty and interest income from investees

 

38

 

8

 

10

 

48

 

 

104

 

Interest income

 

4

 

1

 

2

 

1

 

 

8

 

Segment EBIT

 

381

 

143

 

76

 

94

 

(36

)

658

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended March 27, 2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

External sales

 

$

2,006

 

$

660

 

$

557

 

$

637

 

$

 

$

3,860

 

Intersegment sales

 

385

 

264

 

238

 

5

 

(892

)

 

Total sales

 

2,391

 

924

 

795

 

642

 

(892

)