Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


$ in Millions
9 Months Ended
Jan. 01, 2018
Sep. 30, 2018
New Accounting Pronouncements or Change in Accounting Principle [Line Items]    
New Accounting Pronouncement or Change in Accounting Principle, Effect of Adoption, Quantification   $ 30
ASU 2014-09 Revenue Recognition    
New Accounting Pronouncements or Change in Accounting Principle [Line Items]    
New Accounting Pronouncement or Change in Accounting Principle, Description   In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) amended its standards related to revenue recognition to replace all existing revenue recognition guidance and provide a single, comprehensive model for all contracts with customers. The revised standard contains principles to determine the measurement of revenue and timing of when it is recognized. The underlying principle is that we recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers at an amount that we expect to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The guidance provides a five-step analysis of transactions to determine when and how revenue is recognized. Other major provisions include capitalization of certain contract costs, consideration of the time value of money in the transaction price and allowing estimation of variable consideration to be recognized before contingencies are resolved in certain circumstances. The amendment also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in those judgments as well as assets recognized from costs incurred to fulfill these contracts.The standard allowed for either full or modified retrospective adoption effective for annual and interim periods beginning January 1, 2018 and we adopted using the modified retrospective approach. We elected to apply this guidance retrospectively only to contracts that were not completed at January 1, 2018.We identified a change in the manner in which we account for certain license income. We license certain technology to our unconsolidated joint ventures that meets the definition of functional under the standard, which requires that revenue be recognized at a point in time rather than the previous requirement of recognizing it over the license term. Using the modified retrospective adoption method, we recorded an adjustment to our opening equity balance at January 1, 2018, to account for the differences between existing license income recorded and what would have been recorded under the new standard for contracts for which we started recognizing revenue prior to the adoption date. There was not a material impact on any individual year from this change.We also identified transactions where revenue recognition was historically limited to the amount of billings not contingent on our future performance. With the allocation provisions of the new model, we accelerated the timing of revenue recognition for amounts related to satisfied performance obligations that would be delayed under the historical guidance. The impact of this change was not material.On an ongoing basis, this amendment is not expected to have a material impact on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, including our internal controls over financial reporting, but resulted in expanded disclosures in the Notes to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.We recorded a net increase to opening retained earnings of $28 million, net of tax, as of January 1, 2018, due to the cumulative impact of adopting the new revenue standard, with the impact primarily related to our technology licenses that now qualify for point in time recognition rather than over time. The impact to any individual financial statement line item as a result of applying the new standard, as compared to the old standard, was not material for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.On January 1, 2018, we adopted the new revenue recognition standard in accordance with GAAP. See NOTE 3, "REVENUE RECOGNITION," for detailed information about the adoption of this standard.
New Accounting Pronouncement or Change in Accounting Principle, Effect of Adoption, Quantification $ 28