NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
|9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2022
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]
|NATURE OF OPERATIONS
NOTE 1. NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Cummins Inc. (“Cummins,” “we,” “our” or “us”) was founded in 1919 as Cummins Engine Company, a corporation in Columbus, Indiana, and one of the first diesel engine manufacturers. In 2001, we changed our name to Cummins Inc. We are a global power leader that designs, manufactures, distributes and services diesel, natural gas, electric and hybrid powertrains and powertrain-related components including filtration, aftertreatment, turbochargers, fuel systems, controls systems, air handling systems, automated transmissions, axles, drivelines, brakes, suspension systems, electric power generation systems, batteries, electrified power systems, electric powertrains, hydrogen production and fuel cell products. We sell our products to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), distributors, dealers and other customers worldwide. We serve our customers through a service network of approximately 500 wholly-owned, joint venture and independent distributor locations and more than 10,000 Cummins certified dealer locations in approximately 190 countries and territories.
On August 3, 2022, we completed the acquisition of Meritor, Inc. (Meritor) with a purchase price of $2.9 billion (including debt repaid concurrent with the acquisition). Our consolidated results and segment results include Meritor's activity since the date of acquisition. The results are included in our Components segment in the axles and brakes business while the electric powertrain portion is included in our New Power segment. See NOTE 16, "ACQUISITIONS," for additional information.
Beginning in 2022, we transitioned to a Gregorian calendar with our reporting period ending on the last day of the quarterly calendar period. In 2021 and prior, our reporting period ended on the Sunday closest to the last day of the quarterly calendar period. The third quarters of 2022 and 2021 ended on September 30 and October 3, respectively. Our fiscal year ends on December 31, regardless of the day of the week on which December 31 falls.
Interim Condensed Financial Statements
The unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements reflect all adjustments which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair statement of the results of operations, financial position and cash flows. All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements were prepared in accordance with accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP) pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for interim financial information. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements were condensed or omitted as permitted by such rules and regulations.
These interim condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. Our interim period financial results for the three and nine month periods presented are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for any other interim period or for the entire year. The year-end Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet data was derived from audited financial statements but does not include all required annual disclosures.
Certain amounts for prior year periods were reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.
During the third quarter of 2022, we determined that a put right held by a minority shareholder in one of our subsidiaries, which became exercisable in September 2022, was incorrectly classified as noncontrolling interests (NCI) as opposed to mezzanine equity in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Because the put right was exercisable at fair value (as defined in the governing documents of the subsidiary), the NCI should have also been reflected at fair value at each balance sheet date with an offset to additional paid-in-capital (APIC). As a result, we have revised our historical financial statements to reflect the NCI at its estimated fair value as redeemable noncontrolling interests in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets with a corresponding offset in NCI and APIC. This error did not impact our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Net Income, Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income or Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for any period. The amount reclassified from NCI and APIC was as follows:
See NOTE 14, "REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS," for further information regarding the put right. We have concluded the correction of this error does not have a material impact to our previously issued annual and interim consolidated financial statements.
Use of Estimates in Preparation of Financial Statements
Preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts presented and disclosed in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Significant estimates and assumptions in these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements require the exercise of judgment. Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making estimates, actual results reported in future periods may be different from these estimates.
Weighted-Average Diluted Shares Outstanding
The weighted-average diluted common shares outstanding exclude the anti-dilutive effect of certain stock options. The options excluded from diluted earnings per share were as follows: