|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2019
|Business Combinations [Abstract]|
NOTE 21. ACQUISITIONS
Acquisitions for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017 were as follows:
(4) This transaction created a newly formed joint venture that we consolidated as we have a majority voting interest in the venture by virtue of a tie-breaking vote on the joint venture's board of directors.
On September 9, 2019, we acquired an 81 percent interest in Hydrogenics Corporation for total consideration of $235 million. The Hydrogen Company, a wholly-owned subsidiary of L’Air Liquide, S.A., will maintain a 19 percent noncontrolling interest in Hydrogenics Corporation of $56 million, based on the publicly traded share price of Hydrogenics at the acquisition date, which was representative of its fair value. We accounted for the transaction as a business combination and included it in the New Power segment in the third quarter of 2019. We assigned this business to our New Power reporting unit, which included both our electrified power and fuel cell businesses, for goodwill impairment purposes. The purchase price allocation was as follows:
As of December 31, 2019, our purchase accounting was complete. The intangible assets will be amortized over periods ranging from 3 to 20 years. As a result of our review and validation of the significant assumptions used to value the intangible assets and our validation of calculations related to deferred tax assets and liabilities, our final valuation resulted in increases from our original estimates of $2 million to technology assets and $1 million to customer relationships and decreases of $5 million to other liabilities and $5 million to goodwill.
Technology assets represent the value of both the existing fuel cells and generation equipment. These assets were valued using the relief-from-royalty method, which is a combination of the income approach and market approach that values a subject asset based on an estimate of the relief from the royalty expense that would be incurred if the subject asset were licensed from a third-party. Key assumptions are expected revenue, the royalty rate, the estimated remaining useful life and the discount rate. This value is considered a level 3 measurement under the GAAP fair value hierarchy.
Customer relationship assets represent the value of the long-term strategic relationship the business has with its significant customers. The assets were valued using an income approach, specifically the multiperiod excess earnings method, which identifies an estimated stream of revenues and expenses for a particular group of assets from which deductions of portions of the projected economic benefits, attributable to assets other than the subject asset (contributory assets), are deducted in order to isolate the prospective earnings of the subject asset. Key assumptions are expected revenue, related expenses, the estimated remaining useful life and the discount rate. These assets are each being amortized over 15 to 20 years. Annual amortization of the intangible assets for the next five years is expected to approximate $8 million.
In-process research and development assets represent acquired research and development assets that have been initiated, achieved material progress, but have not yet resulted in a technologically feasible or commercially viable project. These assets were valued using the relief-from-royalty method, as described above. These assets will not be amortized until they have been completed, but will be tested annually for impairment until that time.
Goodwill was determined based on the residual difference between the fair value of consideration transferred and the value assigned to tangible and intangible assets and liabilities. The goodwill amount will not be deductible for tax purposes. Among the factors contributing to a purchase price resulting in the recognition of goodwill are the acquisition of engineering talent in the fuel cell space, the ability to be one of the forerunners in the development of clean fuel cell energy and the continued opportunity to expand our position as a global power leader.
This business was included in our results starting in September 2019. Pro forma financial information was not provided as the historical financial statement activity of Hydrogenics Corporation is not material to our consolidated results.
The entire disclosure for business combinations, including leverage buyout transactions (as applicable), and divestitures. This may include a description of a business combination or divestiture (or series of individually immaterial business combinations or divestitures) completed during the period, including background, timing, and assets and liabilities recognized and reclassified or sold. This element does not include fixed asset sales and plant closings.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef