INVESTMENTS IN EQUITY INVESTEES
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2018
|Equity Method Investments and Joint Ventures [Abstract]|
|INVESTMENTS IN EQUITY INVESTEES||
NOTE 3. INVESTMENTS IN EQUITY INVESTEES
Investments and advances related to equity method investees and our ownership percentage was as follows:
We have approximately $743 million in our investment account at December 31, 2018, that represents cumulative undistributed income in our equity investees. Dividends received from our unconsolidated equity investees were $242 million, $219 million and $212 million in 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
Equity, royalty and interest income from investees, net of applicable taxes, was as follows:
(1) U.S. tax legislation passed in December 2017 decreased our equity earnings at certain equity investees, including a $7 million unfavorable impact to Cummins Westport, Inc. due to the remeasurement of deferred taxes and $15 million unfavorable impact to Tata Cummins, Ltd. and a $17 million unfavorable impact to "All other manufacturers" due to withholding tax adjustments on foreign earnings. See Note 4, "INCOME TAXES," to our Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
(2) During 2016, we acquired the remaining interest in the final unconsolidated North American distributor joint venture.
Our manufacturing joint ventures have generally been formed with customers and are primarily intended to allow us to increase our market penetration in geographic regions, reduce capital spending, streamline our supply chain management and develop technologies. Our largest manufacturing joint ventures are based in China and are included in the list below. Our engine manufacturing joint ventures are supplied by our Components segment in the same manner as it supplies our wholly-owned Engine segment and Power Systems segment manufacturing facilities. Our Components segment joint ventures and wholly owned entities provide electronics, fuel systems, filtration, aftertreatment systems, turbocharger products and transmissions that are used with our engines as well as some competitors' products. The results and investments in our joint ventures in which we have 50 percent or less ownership interest (except for Eaton Cummins Automated Transmission Technologies joint venture) are included in “Equity, royalty and interest income from investees” and “Investments and advances related to equity method investees” in our Consolidated Statements of Income and Consolidated Balance Sheets, respectively.
We have an extensive worldwide distributor and dealer network through which we sell and distribute our products and services. Generally, our distributors are divided by geographic region with some of our distributors being wholly-owned by Cummins, some partially-owned and some independently owned. We consolidate all wholly-owned distributors and partially-owned distributors where we are the primary beneficiary and account for other partially-owned distributors using the equity method of accounting.
Komatsu Cummins Chile, Ltda. - Komatsu Cummins Chile, Ltda. is a joint venture with Komatsu America Corporation. The joint venture is a distributor that offers the full range of our products and services to customers and end-users in Chile and Peru.
In certain cases where we own a partial interest in a distributor, we may be obligated to purchase the other equity holders' interests if certain events occur (such as the death or resignation of the distributor principal or a change in control of Cummins Inc.). The purchase consideration of the equity interests may be determined based on the fair vale of the distributor's assets. Repurchase obligations and practices vary by geographic region.
All distributors that are partially-owned are considered to be related parties in our Consolidated Financial Statements.
Equity Investee Financial Summary
Summary financial information for our equity investees was as follows:
Sale of Equity InvesteeIn the fourth quarter of 2016, we sold our remaining 49 percent interest in Cummins Olayan Energy for $61 million and recognized a gain of $17 million. We received cash of $58 million with the remaining balance receivable in subsequent periods.
The entire disclosure for equity method investments and joint ventures. Equity method investments are investments that give the investor the ability to exercise significant influence over the operating and financial policies of an investee. Joint ventures are entities owned and operated by a small group of businesses as a separate and specific business or project for the mutual benefit of the members of the group.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef